Singapore has released a framework on ethical usage of AI
This article is contributed by Sumiko Tan and a model of it first appeared in The Straits Times, an SPH publication, on January 24, 2019.
DAVOS – Singapore has released a framework on how synthetic intelligence (AI) could be ethically and responsibly used, which companies within the Republic and elsewhere can undertake as they grapple with points which have emerged with new expertise. This mannequin framework for AI governance is a “residing doc” meant to evolve together with the fast-paced adjustments in a digital financial system. It takes in suggestions from the business, and might be tweaked when it will get extra views.
It was released by Mr S. Iswaran, Minister for Communications and Information, on the World Economic Forum (WEF) assembly which he’s attending. The framework is the primary in Asia to offer detailed and readily implementable steerage to personal sector organisations utilizing AI, mentioned the Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA).
AI is, in essence, pc packages or machines that may carry out duties usually requiring human intelligence. They embody expertise resembling speech recognition and determination making. For instance, an internet retailer would possibly use AI to completely automate the way it recommends merchandise to a person primarily based on his searching and shopping for historical past. But questions have been raised in regards to the fast rise of AI, together with what if management and information fall into the mistaken fingers.
IMDA mentioned two rules underpin Singapore’s framework. One is that choices made by or with the assistance of AI are explainable, clear and truthful to customers. The second is that AI options are human-centric.
Mr Iswaran, who spoke to reporters on Tuesday (Jan 22) on the sidelines of the WEF, described AI as frontier expertise that has the potential to have an effect on many sectors in very profound methods. Singapore, he mentioned, needs to be ready in phrases of its capabilities, expertise investments and laws. On this entrance, the Republic has been working on a number of AI initiatives together with an Advisory Council on the Ethical Use of AI and Data chaired by former Attorney-General V. Okay. Rajah.
Mr Iswaran mentioned the framework was being released at WEF as a result of it’s a discussion board of world business and authorities leaders, and a place the place Singapore has at all times had “a sure mindshare” in phrases of contributing to cutting-edge improvement and governance of insurance policies. It additionally permits Singapore to ask world suggestions on the framework. Indeed, points associated to the digital financial system are key subjects on this 12 months’s Davos assembly, with no fewer than 40 classes dedicated to it, many particularly on AI.
As for whether or not an AI governance mannequin would deter firms from establishing store in Singapore, Mr Iswaran burdened that it isn’t a set of prescriptive guidelines however a framework for firms to make use of. He didn’t suppose the business can be deterred.
“On the opposite, we’d even be capable to come out as one of the jurisdictions with sound approaches to information administration and the governance of AI and different frontier applied sciences. In this case, extra firms would need to be related to us.”
In a assertion, Mr Rajah mentioned he supported the discharge of the framework and urged companies to pilot it and provides suggestions. Singapore additionally introduced a collaboration with the WEF’s Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution to additional drive AI and information innovation, together with partaking organisations to debate Singapore’s framework and facilitate its adoption.
Mr Murat Sonmez, managing director and head of the centre, mentioned Singapore is concentrated on innovation and expertise, and the centre seemed ahead to its contribution to world expertise governance.